Comments: These are fabulous fish with vibrant colors as shown in the picture just above.
Origin: Clown Afra from Jalo Reef are Mbunas, which is a large family of Cichlid fish that originally lived only in Lake Malawi in East Africa.
Maximum Size: In aquariums Clown Afra from Jalo Reef can grow to be about 4" long, including their tails, which makes this species one of the smallest Mbuna Cichlids.
Behaviors: Clown Afra Jalo Reef are usually very aggressive fish and from time to time males have long energetic battles.
All Mbunas also spend a lot of their time digging and moving the aquarium gravel to create caves.
Compatibility: Some recommended tank mates include other Mbuna species and Synodontis Catfish.
Click here for more about Synodontis Catfish. Click here to read more about compatible groups of pet fish.
Temperature: Mbunas live best from about 75 to 80-degrees F. with 78 being perhaps ideal.
Click here to learn about aquarium temperature, aquarium thermometers, and aquarium heaters.
Feeding: Premium Fish Food Pellets is the best food for Mbunas.
Smaller sized pellets when they're smallish, and larger sized pellets when they're bigger.
Click here to learn more about and shop online for premium fish foods.
Water Conditions: Lake Malawi has hard alkaline water and that is best for all the fish, who's ancestors lived there.
But these fish can adapt to most types of water, and so as usual it's best not to try to change the pH or alkalinity.
Click here for a lot more information about aquarium water conditions.
Aquarium Size: Mbunas like this Clown Afra from Jalo Reef will eventually need to live in an aquarium with at least 80-gallons of water.
Each Mbuna will need at least 5-gallons of water, and Mbunas live best in an aquarium with at least 15 other Mbunas of about the same size.
Decor: Mbunas do not need gravel, and a layer of gravel more than 1/4" thick will usually fill with bits of uneaten food that will contaminate the water.
Click here for more about aquarium gravel.
Live plants are beautiful and improve the water quality, but Mbunas will usually dig plants up, so most Mbuna aquariums do not have live plants.
Mbunas love rocks and rocky caves.
Aquarium Filter: Bio-Wheel Filters are highly recommended.
Most 80-gallon aquariums have room along the back for at least two Penguin 350B Filters, and this is sort of a minimal Mbuna set up.
Better is a 100, 120, 150, or 200-gallon aquarium with as many Penguin 350B Filters as will fit across the back.
Click here to learn more about aquarium filters.
The addition of Lava Rocks will keep nitrates in the ideal range. Click here to learn more about using Lava Rocks in aquariums.
Life Span: Mbunas can live for several years. Keep the water conditions excellent and feed them premium foods, and they'll most likely breed and produce the next generation of fish for your aquarium.
Gender: It's difficult to tell males from females, when they're very small, but easy when they're mature, because the males change color and become a very vibrant, while the female usually stays a duller.
Breeding: Clown Afra from Jalo Reef and all the other Mbunas are mouthbrooders.
A female lays eggs, a male fertilizes the eggs, and the female picks up the eggs in her mouth.
She'll brood them for about 3-weeks, then release them in the aquarium. They are miniature versions of their mother and very cute!
Click here to read more about breeding mouthbrooders. the aquarium.
Click here for a lot more about breeding various tropical fish in aquariums.
Popularity: Clown Afra from Jalo Reef Cichlids are beautiful and are popular but still rather rare in the freshwater hobby.
Names: The scientific name for Clown Afra Jalo Reef is Cynotilapia afra cf. Jalo Reef.
Variations: There are many other variations of Cyanotilapia afra in various locations in Lake Malawi.
Click here for a lot more information about keeping and caring for Mbunas, including a picture gallery.
We hope you've enjoyed reading these comments.
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