Above: The males of this species are very beautiful. The females and juveniles are grey or tan.
Comments: These are fabulous fish, the males develop very bright colors.
Origin: Peacocks of Malawi are a family of closely related fish in an extended family of fish, called Cichlids.
The ancestors of the Peacocks lived only in Lake Malawi in East Africa. But now they live in aquariums all over the world. There are several species of Peacocks for sale in this store.
All the Malawi Peacocks are said to live away from the piles of huge rocks in Lake Malawi, where the more aggressive Mbuna fish live, but not too far away from the rocks in the open water, which is the domain of some larger so-called Haplochromis Cichlids.
Maximum Size: In aquariums males can grow to be about 7" long, including their tails, which is a nice size for aquariums.
Females are smaller and remain grey or dull, without the brilliant colors shown by males.
Behaviors: All Peacocks are usually rather aggressive fish, but not as aggressive as the Mbunas that also originated in Lake Malawi.
Compatibility: Some recommended tank mates include other Peacocks, mild tempered Mbunas like the Lemon Yellow Mbuna, and Synodontis Catfish, also Cichlids from Lake Victoria, but probably not Cichlids from Lake Tanganyika.
Click here for more about Synodontis Catfish.
Click here to read more about compatible groups of pet fish.
Temperature: Peacocks live best from about 75 to 80-degrees F., with 78 being perhaps ideal.
Click here to learn about aquarium temperature, aquarium thermometers, and aquarium heaters.
Feeding: Premium Fish Food Pellets is the best type of food feed to Cichlids, and can be fed to them throughout their entire lives.
Click here to learn more about and shop online for premium fish foods.
Water Conditions: Lake Malawi has hard alkaline water that is best for all the fish, whose ancestors lived there.
But these fish can adapt to most types of water, and so as usual it's best not to try to change the pH or alkalinity.
Click here for a lot more information about aquarium water conditions.
Aquarium Size: Malawi Peacocks like this fish will eventually need to live in an aquarium with at least 80-gallons of water and 100, 120 and 150-gallons are better.
Each Peacock will need at least 5-gallons of water, and Peacocks live best in an aquarium with at least 12 other compatible Cichlids of about the same size.
Decor: Peacocks do not need gravel, and a layer of gravel more than 1/4" thick will usually fill with bits of uneaten food that will contaminate the water.
Click here for more about aquarium gravel.
Live plants are beautiful and improve the water quality, but Peacocks will usually rip plants up, so most Peacock aquariums do not have live plants,
Peacocks like medium size gravel about the size of rice mixed with a few aquarium-safe rocks.
Aquarium Filter: Bio-Wheel Filters are highly recommended.
Most 80-gallon aquariums have room along the back for two Penguin 350B Filters, and this is sort of the minimum set up for Peacocks.
Better is a 120, 150, or 200-gallon aquarium with as many Penguin 350B Filters as will fit across the back.
Click here to learn more about aquarium filters.
The addition of Lava Rocks will keep nitrates in the ideal range. Click here to learn more about using Lava Rocks in aquariums.
Life Span: Malawi Peacocks can live for several years. Keep the water conditions excellent and feed them premium foods, and they will most likely breed and produce the next generation of fish for your aquarium.
Gender: It's difficult to tell males from females, when they are very small, but easy when they are mature, because the males change from grey to brilliant colors with small spots on their fins.
Breeding: Peacocks from Malawi are mouthbrooders.
A female lays eggs, a male fertilizes the eggs, and the female picks up the eggs in her mouth.
She'll brood them for about 3-weeks, then release them in the aquarium.
They are miniature versions of their mother and very cute!
Click here to read more about breeding mouthbrooders. the aquarium.
Click here for a lot more about breeding various tropical fish in aquariums.
Popularity: Since the 1960s Peacocks from Lake Malawi have been very popular fish.
Names: The scientific name for the Yellow Peacock is Aulonocara baenschi
Variations: There are usually some variations of each of the Peacock species.
So there are probably variations of this species, but we have not yet seen any.
There are also several similar Peacocks.
Click here for a lot more information about keeping and caring for Malawi Peacock, including a picture gallery.
We hope you've enjoyed reading these comments.
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