Comments: This is a wonderful aquarium fish from the southern parts of South America in northwest Uruguay in the Río Uruguay (river) and some of its northern tributaries in Uruguay, which is area with hot summers and cool winters.
Behaviors: The males are rather aggressive to each other, so it's probably best to keep just one male in an aquarium with a few female, but generally this is a mild tempered Cichlid.
Breeding: this is a mouthbrooding species.
A female lays eggs, the male fertilizes the eggs, the male and female guard the eggs for a day or two, then the female picks up the eggs and carries them in her mouth to protect them.
Temperature: this species is adapted to a warm summer and a cool winter.
So depending on your location, you might not heat the aquarium during the winter.
Probably 75 to 80 F. is a good range for summer, and 55 to 60 F. is a good range for winter.
Food: premium flakes when small and premium pellets when larger.
Sizes: males to almost 9" long, females to almost 6" long.
Aquarium: maybe a 30-gallon aquarium, when you have a few of them that are less than 3" long. Eventually a group of them will need an aquarium with at least 100-gallons of water.
Water: They probably prefer water with a pH of about 7 with a moderate amount of hardness.
Most of the water in the US has a higher pH and higher hardness but seems to be OK, so it's probably best not to try to adjust the water, unless you want to breed them, then you might want to dilute their water with RO-water.
Filters: a Bio-Wheel Filter is best, and a Penguin 200B Filter is the right size for a 30-gallon aquarium.
Later get a much bigger aquarium and add as many Penguin 350B Filters as will fit across the back of that aquarium.
Lava Rocks: are recommended as a method of reducing the nitrates in the water to the ideal range.
Click here for more about Lava Rocks.
We have 380-aquariums with lots-and-lots of popular aquarium fish plus lots-and-lots of rare fish!
We consider ourselves to be the link between the world's best sources of fish and the world best customers. We love our work, and we are very responsible.
All of our fish are Premium Quality Fish from the best suppliers in the world. Our fish have better health, more energy and brighter colors, as you can see in our pictures on this website.
We also offer lots and lots of information about keeping pet fish, all from the knowledge of the Bailey Brothers, who have a combined total of 100+ years of experience as breeders, wholesalers, and retailers of pet fish!
Our fish and our customers are treated with the best of care, and we work energetically everyday to make sure every customer enjoys their new fishy friends.
When you purchase pet fish from us, you know you're receiving premium quality fish and premium quality service.
"Received my fish last night and was so pleased! They all arrived alive and appeared to be healthy.
"Once in the tank, they became very active and are now thriving in their new home.
"Beautiful fish, I asked for color and aquariumfish delivered. Processing and shipping was extremely quick."
Nevin and DrTom, the Bailey Brothers
This website is owned and operated by the Bailey Brothers, DrTom and Nevin, who've been together in the fish business for more than 50-years.
The Product Manager has been with the company for more than 35-years.
So we feel very confident that this is the fishiest crew anywhere.